Inquisição as a machine of terror
On the last 22nd of October, our Portuguese language school organized a walking tour about the action of Inquisição in Lisbon.
Inquisição is the Portuguese name for inquisition, the religious court created by the Catholic Church to persecute and condemn the non-Catholic people. It was first established in Évora in 1536 and only abolished with the Liberal Revolution in 1821.
Indira Leão, our history teacher, lead us during the walking tour. We started at Teatro D. Maria II. The building was before the headquarters of Inquisition in Lisbon, settled in 1571. Here, the condemned people were imprisoned and interrogated until the reading of the final sentence during the auto de fé. Along the 16th century, the main targets of Inquisição were Jews and Jews converted to Catholicism (cristãos-novos). During the 17th century, the concerns of Inquisição will be about people that commit crimes related to bigamy or homosexuality.
Right next to Teatro D. Maria II, we went to Largo de São Domingos. On the 19th of April of 1506 Lisbon was passing through a big crisis of starvation and black plague. The Portuguese king D. Manuel I was spending a time in Abrantes, when a terrible event happened. During a mass, the catholic population thought that the enlightenment of the statue of baby Jesus was a sign of God. However, a new Christian gave a scientific explanation to the situation, which led to a slaughter against the new-Christians. Manipulated by the Dominicans the Catholic people burned alive thousands of New-Christians during the 19th until the 21st of April.
We ended in Praça do Comércio, place where were the ceremonies of autos de fé. The condemned people only new their sentences in these ceremonies.
After the walking tour, we went to a nice esplanade.
The action of Inquisição in Lisbon
Lisbon is a multicultural and welcoming city. Probably you also have that view of the Portuguese capital. However, there was a time when Portugal was intolerant to other different cultures and religions. The establishment of the Portuguese Inquisição in 1536 promoted the fear and intolerance. Join us to learn more about this topic in our walking tour on the 22nd of October.
The Inquisição was a religious court created in Portugal to persecute and condemn all the Jews and New-Christians (converted Jews). Beyond these main targets, the religious court controlled and punished other crimes related to bigamy, sodomy practices and witchcraft.
Our history teacher, Indira Leão, will accompany us and show us the main spots related to Inquisição in Lisbon. We’ll start at Rossio, where is the theatre D. Maria II. The building of the theatre was the headquarters of Inquisição in Lisbon since 1571. It was the Palace of Estaus erected in 1449. In the palace, the defendants were heard in court and imprisoned until the output of their sentences.
Then, we’ll go to Largo de São Domingos. This place hides the bloody event that occurred during the 19th, 20th and 21st of April of 1506. During these days, an angry Catholic population controlled by the religious order of Dominicans burned alive thousands of New-Christians.
We’ll end in Praça do Comércio, stage of the religious ceremonies of auto de fé. The condemned people only knew their sentences in these ceremonies. The lucky ones could be arrested or deported to the Portuguese colonies. Nevertheless, in the worst cases they could be sentenced to death at the stake.
After the walking tour, we’ll socialize in a cosy esplanade!