Recreation of the moments of Restauração da Independência de Portugal
On the last 10th of December, our Portuguese language school organized a walking tour about Restauração da Independência de Portugal.
Restauração da Independência was a movement organized to expel the Spanish king of Portugal’s crown. Portugal was under Spanish Crown since 1580. Filipe II of Spain and first of Portugal maintained Portuguese identity. Besides, he undertook to maintain the Portuguese currency and language and to place Portuguese men in the functions of the Portuguese crown. In that time, many Portuguese nobles and bourgeoisie earned prestige and wealth. However, his successors started do disrespect the promises of Filipe I. The Castilians replaced the Portuguese in positions of political and commercial power. This situation led to the preparation of a revolt against Filipe III of Portugal.
Praça do Comércio was the first stop of our walking tour. In the 17th century was a centre of political and commercial power. The rebels landed here on the morning of December 1st. Then, they defenestrated Miguel de Vasconcelos, considered a traitor and supporter of the Spanish king. They also forced the secretary of the king, the duchess of Mântua to sign a document forbidding troops to shoot the rebels.
In Palace of Independence, next to theatre D. Maria II, the rebels organized the riot under the eyes of power.
We ended in Monumento aos Restauradores. It is an obelisk in Praça dos Restauradores built in honour of restauradores, the men responsible for the restauration of Portugal’s independence. João, duke of Bragança became king of Portugal.
After the walking tour, we drank a delicious hot chocolate at Confeitaria Nacional. Check out our photos below.
What was Restauração da Independência de Portugal?
On the last 1st of December, Portugal had an important holiday. Do you know which was? You’ll find out on our next school event on the 10th of December. In this day, our Portuguese language school will organize a walking tour about Restauração da Independência de Portugal.
Restauração da Independência was a well-succeeded riot against the Spanish control of Portugal. The disappearing of king D. Sebastião in the battle of Alcácer Quibir (1578), led Portugal to a dynastic crisis. D. Sebastião had no descendants. Therefore, after the death of Cardinal D. Henrique, great uncle of D. Sebastião and his successor, Filipe II of Spain became king of Portugal. It was the beginning of Iberian Union (1580-1640).
However, after some time, the Portuguese nobles and bourgeois began to be dissatisfied with the Spanish king. Due to their discontent, they started to plan a rebellion against the Spanish Monarchy. D. João IV, duke of Bragança was named to lead the rebellion.
Together with our history teacher, Indira Leão, we’ll go back in time and revive the events of this riot. We’ll start at Praça do Comércio, stage of the rebellion. Here, on the 1st of December 1640, the rebels defenestrated the secretary of the king Miguel de Vasconcelos.
The rebels planned the revolution in the Palace of the Independence, place that we’ll visit. They planned everything in such a central area, “under the enemy’s eye”.
We’ll end in Monumento aos Restauradores, an obelisk located in Praça dos Restauradores inaugurated in 1886 in honour of restauradores. Restauradores was the name given to the rebels that planed the revolution against the Spanish Monarchy.
After the walking tour, we’ll gather in a nice esplanade!