What was Restauração da Independência de Portugal?
On the last 1st of December, Portugal had an important holiday. Do you know which was? You’ll find out on our next school event on the 10th of December. In this day, our Portuguese language school will organize a walking tour about Restauração da Independência de Portugal.
Restauração da Independência was a well-succeeded riot against the Spanish control of Portugal. The disappearing of king D. Sebastião in the battle of Alcácer Quibir (1578), led Portugal to a dynastic crisis. D. Sebastião had no descendants. Therefore, after the death of Cardinal D. Henrique, great uncle of D. Sebastião and his successor, Filipe II of Spain became king of Portugal. It was the beginning of Iberian Union (1580-1640).
However, after some time, the Portuguese nobles and bourgeois began to be dissatisfied with the Spanish king. Due to their discontent, they started to plan a rebellion against the Spanish Monarchy. D. João IV, duke of Bragança was named to lead the rebellion.
Together with our history teacher, Indira Leão, we’ll go back in time and revive the events of this riot. We’ll start at Praça do Comércio, stage of the rebellion. Here, on the 1st of December 1640, the rebels defenestrated the secretary of the king Miguel de Vasconcelos.
The rebels planned the revolution in the Palace of the Independence, place that we’ll visit. They planned everything in such a central area, “under the enemy’s eye”.
We’ll end in Monumento aos Restauradores, an obelisk located in Praça dos Restauradores inaugurated in 1886 in honour of restauradores. Restauradores was the name given to the rebels that planed the revolution against the Spanish Monarchy.
After the walking tour, we’ll gather in a nice esplanade!